Nikolai Kulbin (1868 — 1917)
Nikolai Kulbin was a Russian painter and musician, arts patron, and avant-garde art and theatre theorist. He was born in 1868 in Saint Petersburg. He made a made brilliant career both as a military doctor and a civil servant (he was appointed a State Councillor in 1915). His artistic debut occurred at the exhibition Primary Tendencies in Art in 1908 when he was forty years old. Apart from his work as an artist, he had written many theoretical pieces on music. As a part of a collaboration with Vsevolod Meyerhold, he was the first Russian theatre designer to include futurist sets. In 1914 he organised Filippo Marinetti’s lectures in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. The same year he was invited to participate in the Free Futurists International Exhibition in Rome. He died in 1917 in Petrograd.
Kulbin’s works are in numerous private and public collections all over the world including the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the State Russian Museum, Saint Petersburg; and the Moscow Museum of Modern Art.